Mr. Hunt Overtakes the Advance Party.- Pierre Dorion, and His Skeleton Horse.- A
Shoshonie Camp.- A Justifiable Outrage.- Feasting on Horse Flesh.- Mr. Crooks
Brought to the Camp.- Undertakes to Relieve His Men.- The Skin Ferry-Boat.- Frenzy of
Prevost.- His Melancholy Fate.-Enfeebled State of John Day.-Mr. Crooks Again Left
Behind.-The Party Emerge From Among the Mountains.-Interview With Shoshonies.-A
Guide Procured to Conduct the Party Across a Mountain. -Ferriage Across Snake
River.-Reunion With Mr Crook's Men.- Final Departure From the River.
A LL that day, Mr. Hunt and his three comrades travelled without eating. At night they
made a tantalizing supper on their beaver skin, and were nearly exhausted by hunger
and cold. The next day, December 10th, they overtook the advance party, who were all
as much famished as themselves, some of them not having eaten since the morning of
the seventh. Mr. Hunt now proposed the sacrifice of Pierre Dorion's skeleton horse.
Here he again met with positive and vehement opposition from the half-breed, who was
too sullen and vindictive a fellow to be easily dealt with. What was singular, the men,
though suffering such pinching hunger, interfered in favor of the horse.
They represented that it was better to keep on as long as possible without resorting to
this last resource. Possibly the Indians, of whom they were in quest, might have shifted
their encampment, in which case it would be time enough to kill the horse to escape
starvation. Mr. Hunt, therefore, was prevailed upon to grant Pierre Dorion's horse a
Fortunately, they had not proceeded much further, when, towards evening, they came
in sight of a lodge of Shoshonies, with a number of horses grazing around it. The sight
was as unexpected as it was joyous. Having seen no Indians in this neighborhood as
they passed down the river, they must have subsequently come out from among the
mountains. Mr. Hunt, who first descried them, checked the eagerness of his
companions, knowing the unwillingness of these Indians to part with their horses, and
their aptness to hurry them off and conceal them, in case of an alarm. This was no time
to risk such a disappointment. Approaching, therefore, stealthily and silently, they came
upon the savages by surprise, who fled in terror. Five of their horses were eagerly
seized, and one was despatched upon the spot. The carcass was immediately cut up,
and a part of it hastily cooked and ravenously devoured. A man was now sent on
horseback with a supply of the flesh to Mr. Crooks and his companions. He reached
them in the night; they were so famished that the supply sent them seemed but to
aggravate their hunger, and they were almost tempted to kill and eat the horse that had
brought the messenger. Availing themselves of the assistance of the animal, they
reached the camp early in the morning.
On arriving there, Mr. Crooks was shocked to find that, while the people on this side of
the river were amply supplied with provisions, none had been sent to his own forlorn
and famishing men on the opposite bank. He immediately caused a skin canoe to be
constructed, and called out to his men to fill their camp-kettles with water and hang
them over the fire, that no time might be lost in cooking the meat the moment it should
be received. The river was so narrow, though deep, that everything could be distinctly
heard and seen across it. The kettles were placed on the fire, and the water was boiling
by the time the canoe was completed. When all was ready, however, no one would
undertake to ferry the meat across. A vague and almost superstitious terror had
infected the minds of Mr. Hunt's followers, enfeebled and rendered imaginative of
horrors by the dismal scenes and sufferings through which they had passed. They
regarded the haggard crew, hovering like spectres of famine on the opposite bank, with
indefinite feelings of awe and apprehension: as if something desperate and dangerous
was to be feared from them.
Mr. Crooks tried in vain to reason or shame them out of this singular state of mind. He
then attempted to navigate the canoe himself, but found his strength incompetent to
brave the impetuous current. The good feelings of Ben Jones, the Kentuckian, at length
overcame his fears, and he ventured over. The supply he brought was received with
trembling avidity. A poor Canadian, however, named Jean Baptiste Prevost, whom
famine had rendered wild and desperate, ran frantically about the bank, after Jones
had returned, crying out to Mr. Hunt to send the canoe for him, and take him from that
horrible region of famine, declaring that otherwise he would never march another step,
but would lie down there and die.
The canoe was shortly sent over again, under the management of Joseph Delaunay,
with further supplies. Prevost immediately pressed forward to embark. Delaunay
refused to admit him, telling him that there was now a sufficient supply of meat on his
side of the river. He replied that it was not cooked, and he should starve before it was
ready; he implored, therefore, to be taken where he could get something to appease his
hunger immediately. Finding the canoe putting off without him, he forced himself
aboard. As he drew near the opposite shore, and beheld meat roasting before the fire,
he jumped up, shouted, clapped his hands, and danced in a delirium of joy, until he
upset the canoe. The poor wretch was swept away by the current and drowned, and it
was with extreme difficulty that Delaunay reached the shore.
Mr. Hunt now sent all his men forward excepting two or three. In the evening he caused
another horse to be killed, and a canoe to be made out of the skin, in which he sent
over a further supply of meat to the opposite party. The canoe brought back John Day,
the Kentucky hunter, who came to join his former employer and commander, Mr.
Crooks. Poor Day, once so active and vigorous, was now reduced to a condition even
more feeble and emaciated than his companions. Mr. Crooks had such a value for the
man, on account of his past services and faithful character, that he determined not to
quit him; he exhorted Mr. Hunt, however, to proceed forward, and join the party, as his
presence was all important to the conduct of the expedition. One of the Canadians,
Jean Baptiste Dubreuil, likewise remained with Mr. Crooks.
Mr. Hunt left two horses with them, and a part of the carcass of the last that had been
killed. This, he hoped, would be sufficient to sustain them until they should reach the
One of the chief dangers attending the enfeebled condition of Mr. Crooks and his
companions was their being overtaken by the Indians whose horses had been seized,
though Mr. Hunt hoped that he had guarded against any resentment on the part of the
savages, by leaving various articles in their lodge, more than sufficient to compensate
for the outrage he had been compelled to commit.
Resuming his onward course, Mr. Hunt came up with his people in the evening. The
next day, December 13th, he beheld several Indians, with three horses, on the opposite
side of the river, and after a time came to the two lodges which he had seen on going
down. Here he endeavored in vain to barter a rifle for a horse, but again succeeded in
effecting the purchase with an old tin kettle, aided by a few beads.
The two succeeding days were cold and stormy; the snow was augmenting, and there
was a good deal of ice running in the river. Their road, however, was becoming easier;
they were getting out of the hills, and finally emerged into the open country, after twenty
days of fatigue, famine, and hardship of every kind, in the ineffectual attempt to find a
passage down the river.
They now encamped on a little willowed stream, running from the east, which they had
crossed on the 26th of November. Here they found a dozen lodges of Shoshonies,
recently arrived, who informed them that had they persevered along the river, they
would have found their difficulties augment until they became absolutely
insurmountable. This intelligence added to the anxiety of Mr. Hunt for the fate of Mr.
M'Kenzie and his people, who had kept on.
Mr. Hunt now followed up the little river, and encamped at some lodges of Shoshonies,
from whom he procured a couple of horses, a dog, a few dried fish, and some roots and
dried cherries. Two or three days were exhausted in obtaining information about the
route, and what time it would take to get to the Sciatogas, a hospitable tribe on the west
of the mountains, represented as having many horses. The replies were various, but
concurred in saying that the distance was great, and would occupy from seventeen to
twenty-one nights. Mr. Hunt then tried to procure a guide; but though he sent to various
lodges up and down the river, offering articles of great value in Indian estimation, no
one would venture. The snow, they said, was waist deep in the mountains; and to all
his offers they shook their heads, gave a shiver, and replied, "we shall freeze! we shall
freeze!" at the same time they urged him to remain and pass the winter among them.
Mr. Hunt was in a dismal dilemma. To attempt the mountains without a guide would be
certain death to him and all his people; to remain there, after having already been so
long on the journey, and at such great expense, was worse to him, he said, than two
"deaths." He now changed his tone with the Indians, charged them with deceiving him
in respect to the mountains, and talking with a "forked tongue," or, in other words, with
lying. He upbraided them with their want of courage, and told them they were women,
to shrink from the perils of such a journey. At length one of them, piqued by his taunts,
or tempted by his offers, agreed to be his guide; for which he was to receive a gun, a
pistol, three knives, two horses, and a little of every article in possession of the party; a
reward sufficient to make him one of the wealthiest of his vagabond nation.
Once more, then, on the 21st of December, they set out upon their wayfaring, with
newly excited spirits. Two other Indians accompanied their guide, who led them
immediately back to Snake River, which they followed down for a short distance, in
search of some Indian rafts made of reeds, on which they might cross. Finding none,
Mr. Hunt caused a horse to be killed, and a canoe to be made out of its skin. Here, on
the opposite bank, they saw the thirteen men of Mr. Crooks's party, who had continued
up along the river. They told Mr. Hunt, across the stream, that they had not seen Mr.
Crooks, and the two men who had remained with him, since the day that he had
separated from them.
The canoe proving too small, another horse was killed, and the skin of it joined to that
of the first. Night came on before the little bark had made more than two voyages.
Being badly made it was taken apart and put together again, by the light of the fire. The
night was cold; the men were weary and disheartened with such varied and incessant
toil and hardship. They crouched, dull and drooping, around their fires; many of them
began to express a wish to remain where they were for the winter. The very necessity
of crossing the river dismayed some of them in their present enfeebled and dejected
state. It was rapid and turbulent, and filled with floating ice, and they remembered that
two of their comrades had already perished in its waters. Others looked forward with
misgivings to the long and dismal journey through lonesome regions that awaited them,
when they should have passed this dreary flood.
At an early hour of the morning, December 23d, they began to cross the river. Much ice
had formed during the night, and they were obliged to break it for some distance on
each shore. At length they all got over in safety to the west side; and their spirits rose
on having achieved this perilous passage. Here they were rejoined by the people of Mr.
Crooks, who had with them a horse and a dog, which they had recently procured. The
poor fellows were in the most squalid and emaciated state. Three of them were so
completely prostrated in strength and spirits that they expressed a wish to remain
among the Snakes. Mr. Hunt, therefore, gave them the canoe, that they might cross the
river, and a few articles, with which to procure necessities, until they should meet with
Mr. Crooks. There was another man, named Michael Carriere, who was almost equally
reduced, but he determined to proceed with his comrades, who were now incorporated
with the party of Mr. Hunt. After the day's exertions they encamped together on the
banks of the river. This was the last night they were to spend upon its borders. More
than eight hundred miles of hard travelling, and many weary days, had it cost them; and
the sufferings connected with it rendered it hateful in their remembrance, so that the
Canadian voyageurs always spoke of it as "La maudite riviere enragee" - the accursed
mad river - thus coupling a malediction with its name.